There are many factors that need to be considered while we are constructing an aircraft. The aircraft parts are needed to be strong, resistant, elastic and durable. Another very important thing to be considered while designing or constructing an aircraft is that these parts are needed to be of specific weight so that there is maximum fuel efficiency and at the same time it is safe. All these factors make the construction of any part of the aircraft very complicated as all the above points are needed to be checked.
A very important part of the aircraft is its wings. It is used for lifting, turning and changing the directions. Choosing the materials for the construction of the wings is important. We have to see to the strength and weight ratio. There are a few materials, like 6061 t6 aluminum plate, that can be used to design the aircraft wing. Here we will be discussing about some of them.The first material that was used in designing the wing was wood. At that time the other materials, like steel or aluminums, was not there. So, wood was the first choice for designing the aircraft.
Nowadays, materials, such as steel, 2024 t3 aluminum and titanium, are the choice for designing the aircraft wings. All these metals have a few characteristics that make it a right choice for specific parts of the wings. The materials that are used in the wings of an aircraft are different. The different parts the wings need different materials. The parts, like the skin, the ribs, the flaps and the control surface, have different function, so, the materials that should be used are different.The ribs can be made up of steel or aluminum, for the control panel and the skin we use composite materials. You can view more information here http://airportmetals.com.au/.
Now, there are a few factors that we have to keep in mind while choosing the right material for the wings of our aircraft. We have to see what kind of aircraft we are making. Planes with different purposes need different types of wings. The fighter planes for example need to be strong and hard, so its wings should match its requirements. The passenger planes, depending on its size and capacity, need different types of wings. So, the materials in each case will be different.
There are other points, such as the distance and the height which a plane travels. For obtaining different heights their wings also need to be different. Again, if a plane travels longer distance then the wings may vary.
So, it can be said that different materials can be used in different kinds of aircrafts depending upon the usage and function of the plane.